things to do in cairo

Last Updated on: 27th May 2024, 06:50 am

When it comes to Cairo, Egypt, there’s no shortage of incredible experiences and attractions to discover. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a culture buff, or simply looking to soak up the vibrant atmosphere of this bustling city, Cairo has something for everyone. From iconic landmarks to hidden gems, there are a plethora of things to do in Cairo.

If you’re a first-time visitor, make sure to explore the city’s must-visit attractions, known as Cairo landmarks. Immerse yourself in the ancient wonders of the Pyramids of Giza, which are the only remaining natural wonders of the ancient world. Marvel at these architectural marvels and gain insight into the rich history of Egypt. Hiring a tour guide will provide you with fascinating stories and a deeper understanding of these incredible structures.

Another highlight of Cairo is the renowned Egyptian Museum, home to the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities. Step back in time as you admire ancient artifacts and marvel at the golden Mask of Tutankhamun. The museum offers a captivating journey through Egypt’s fascinating past, offering a glimpse into its rich heritage and culture.

No visit to Cairo is complete without experiencing the local culture at Khan el-Khalili Bazaar. This bustling marketplace in Islamic Cairo is a treasure trove of authentic Egyptian experiences. Lose yourself in the narrow alleys filled with shops selling spices, textiles, and jewelry. Don’t forget to hire a guide or plan ahead to explore historical sites nestled within the bazaar, such as Bab al-Ghuri and the Qalawun Complex. Indulge in the tantalizing local street food and soak up the lively atmosphere of this traditional marketplace.

With its remarkable landmarks, cultural richness, and captivating experiences, Cairo offers a truly memorable travel experience. Explore like a local and discover the best things to do in Cairo, Egypt. Whether you’re interested in sightseeing, visiting iconic attractions, or immersing yourself in the local culture, Cairo will leave you with lasting memories of this vibrant city.

Things to Do in Cairo

1. Exploring Ancient Wonders

The Pyramids of Giza are the most iconic attraction in Cairo. These ancient wonders are the only remaining natural wonders of the ancient world and provide a glimpse into the rich history of Egypt.

Visitors can hire a tour guide to navigate the site and learn about the fascinating stories behind these architectural marvels. It is recommended to allocate at least 2-3 hours to fully explore the pyramids and take in the breathtaking views of the Sphinx.

pyramids of giza

As you step into the ancient world at the Pyramids of Giza, prepare to be mesmerized by the sheer magnitude and grandeur of these monumental structures. Standing tall in the desert landscape, these pyramids hold mysteries and secrets waiting to be unraveled.

Immerse yourself in the awe-inspiring history as you walk through the corridors of time. Listen to the stories of pharaohs and their afterlife beliefs, marvel at the intricate design and engineering prowess, and witness the wonders that have stood the test of time.

Whether you’re an avid historian or simply a curious traveler, the Pyramids of Giza will leave you in awe of the ancient world’s achievements.

2. Immersing in History: Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum is a treasure trove of ancient artifacts and mummies. With over 120,000 items on display, it houses the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities. Visitors can marvel at the famous golden Mask of Tutankhamun and explore the vast collection of royal sarcophagi and jewelry. Hiring a tour guide is recommended to make the most of the visit and fully appreciate the historical significance of each artifact.

egyptian museum

Step Back in Time

When you step into the Egyptian Museum, you’ll be transported back in time to the ancient civilization that once thrived on the banks of the Nile. The museum’s impressive collection offers a fascinating glimpse into the lives and culture of the pharaohs. From intricately carved statues to beautifully preserved burial masks, each artifact tells a story of Egypt’s rich history.

Explore the Exhibits

The museum’s exhibits are organized chronologically, allowing visitors to follow the journey of Ancient Egypt through the centuries. As you explore the halls, you’ll encounter a wide variety of artifacts, including magnificent statues of pharaohs, intricate jewelry, and intricately decorated coffins.

One of the highlights of the Egyptian Museum is the famed golden Mask of Tutankhamun, which was discovered in the tomb of the young king. This iconic artifact is a true masterpiece, meticulously crafted with gold and precious gemstones. It is a symbol of the wealth and opulence of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs.

The Importance of a Guide

To fully appreciate the significance of each artifact, it is highly recommended to hire a knowledgeable tour guide. These guides are well-versed in Egyptology and can provide detailed explanations and historical context for each exhibit. They will help you unravel the mysteries of ancient Egypt and enhance your overall experience at the museum.

“The Egyptian Museum is a must-visit for anyone with an interest in ancient history. The artifacts on display are truly awe-inspiring and offer a unique insight into the lives of the pharaohs. Hiring a guide will bring these treasures to life and make your visit even more memorable.” – Emma Smith, History Enthusiast

3. Experiencing Local Culture: Khan el-Khalili Bazaar

Khan el-Khalili is a bustling bazaar located in Islamic Cairo and is one of the top tourist spots in Cairo, Egypt. This vibrant marketplace offers visitors a unique opportunity to immerse themselves in the vibrant culture and traditions of Egypt.

As you navigate through the narrow alleys of Khan el-Khalili, you’ll find a plethora of shops filled with exotic spices, intricate textiles, stunning jewelry, and a variety of other souvenirs. Whether you’re looking for a memorable gift or simply want to indulge in some retail therapy, the bazaar has something for everyone.

For a deeper understanding of the historical significance of Khan el-Khalili, it is recommended to hire a guide or plan ahead to explore the notable historical sites located within the bazaar. These sites include Bab al-Ghuri and the Qalawun Complex, which showcase the architectural splendor of Cairo’s past.

“The sights, sounds, and aromas of Khan el-Khalili will transport you to a bygone era, offering an authentic taste of Cairo’s rich cultural heritage.”

Make sure not to miss the chance to indulge in local street food while exploring the bazaar. Treat your taste buds to flavorsome Egyptian delicacies such as falafel, koshari, and traditional Egyptian tea.

cairo attractions

Immerse yourself in the lively atmosphere of this traditional marketplace, interact with friendly locals, and embrace the vibrant culture that Khan el-Khalili has to offer. Whether you’re searching for unique souvenirs or simply want to experience the authentic essence of Cairo, a visit to Khan el-Khalili should be at the top of your list.

4. Visit Coptic Cairo

Coptic Cairo, also known as Old Cairo, is a captivating district that showcases Egypt’s Christian heritage. Stepping into Coptic Cairo feels like entering a time portal to ancient times, with its cobblestone streets and historic churches. The area is home to significant religious sites such as the Hanging Church, known for its beautiful Coptic architecture and intricate woodwork.

Visitors can also explore the Ben Ezra Synagogue, a symbol of the long history of Jews in Egypt. The Coptic Museum offers a deeper insight into the rich Coptic culture through its collection of artifacts, manuscripts, and artwork. Walking through Coptic Cairo is a journey through centuries of history, spirituality, and cultural traditions that have shaped Egypt’s diverse identity.

5. Nile River Cruise

Cruising along the Nile River is a quintessential experience that allows visitors to witness Cairo from a unique perspective. Whether choosing a traditional felucca sailboat or a luxurious dinner cruise, the Nile River offers a serene escape from the bustling city streets.

A felucca ride provides a peaceful journey as you glide along the river, feeling the gentle breeze and admiring the scenic views of Cairo’s skyline and iconic landmarks. Opting for a dinner cruise adds a touch of luxury and entertainment, with onboard dining, live music, and captivating performances against the backdrop of the illuminated cityscape. Watching the sun set over the Nile while enjoying a leisurely cruise is a magical way to appreciate the beauty and vibrancy of Cairo from the water.

6. Al-Azhar Park

Al-Azhar Park is a verdant oasis nestled in the heart of bustling Cairo, offering a serene escape from the city’s vibrant energy. This enchanting park is not only a green sanctuary but also a cultural hub with breathtaking views of the historic city skyline and the majestic Citadel of Saladin. Designed to combine modern amenities with traditional Islamic landscaping principles, Al-Azhar Park features beautifully manicured gardens, tranquil lakes, and shaded pathways ideal for leisurely strolls or picnics.

Visitors can relax in the lush surroundings, savor local delicacies at on-site cafes, or simply enjoy panoramic vistas of Cairo’s minarets and monuments. The park’s tranquil ambiance, coupled with its strategic location overlooking the ancient city, makes it a perfect spot to unwind, connect with nature, and appreciate the harmonious blend of past and present in Cairo.

7. Sound and Light Show at the Pyramids

The Sound and Light Show at the Pyramids of Giza is a captivating multimedia spectacle that brings ancient Egyptian history to life in a mesmerizing way. As night falls over the iconic pyramids, visitors are treated to a sensory experience like no other, where light projections, music, and narration transport them back in time to the era of the pharaohs.

The show illuminates the ancient monuments with dramatic lighting effects, highlighting the architectural grandeur and intricate details of the pyramids and the Sphinx. Through a combination of sound effects and storytelling, the history and mysteries of Egypt unravel before the audience, creating a magical atmosphere under the starlit sky.

Attending the Sound and Light Show at the Pyramids is a truly immersive and unforgettable way to deepen your connection with the timeless marvels of Giza and appreciate the rich heritage of ancient Egypt in a unique and enchanting setting.

8. Taste Egyptian Cuisine

Tasting Egyptian cuisine is a delightful journey into the country’s rich culinary heritage, characterized by a fusion of flavors, spices, and traditions. One must-try dish is koshari, a hearty comfort food made of lentils, rice, pasta, fried onions, and a tangy tomato sauce. Another favorite is falafel, crispy chickpea fritters typically served with pita bread and tahini sauce.

For those with a sweet tooth, indulge in baklava, a decadent dessert of layered phyllo pastry filled with nuts and sweet syrup, or try kunafa, a cheesy pastry soaked in sugar syrup and topped with pistachios for a delightful treat. Don’t miss out on mahshi, which features vegetables like grape leaves or bell peppers stuffed with a savory mixture of rice, herbs, and spices.

Exploring Egyptian cuisine is a flavorful adventure that showcases the diverse influences and unique dishes that define the country’s gastronomic identity. So savor the tastes of Egypt and indulge in a culinary experience that will surely leave you craving for more.

9. Attend a Sufi Dance Performance

Attending a Sufi dance performance in Cairo is a mesmerizing and spiritual experience that immerses you in the mystical traditions of Sufism. The Whirling Dervishes, practitioners of the Mevlevi Order, perform a captivating dance known as the Sufi whirling or sema, a form of meditation and prayer expressed through graceful spinning movements.

The hypnotic ritual is accompanied by enchanting music and chanting that creates a trance-like atmosphere, inviting spectators to witness a profound spiritual journey unfold before their eyes. The performance is not only a visual spectacle but also a deeply symbolic expression of unity, love, and devotion to the divine.

By witnessing a Sufi dance performance, you have the opportunity to glimpse into the spiritual practices of Sufism, gaining insight into the mystical aspects of Islam and experiencing a deeply moving cultural tradition that has captivated audiences for centuries.

10. Attend a Tanoura Dance Show

Attending a Tanoura dance show in Cairo is a vibrant and exhilarating experience that showcases the rich cultural heritage of Egypt. The Tanoura dance, also known as the Whirling Dervishes of Egypt, is a traditional folk dance performed by skilled artists who spin gracefully in colorful skirts, creating a mesmerizing visual spectacle.

The dance reflects the spiritual journey of seekers rotating in harmony with the universe, symbolizing a sense of balance and unity. Accompanied by lively music and captivating rhythms, the Tanoura dance captivates audiences with its energy and artistry, offering a unique glimpse into Egyptian folklore and traditions.

By witnessing a Tanoura dance performance, you can immerse yourself in the joyous celebration of Egyptian culture, music, and dance, experiencing a dynamic display of skill and passion that will leave you spellbound and inspired.

11. Day Trip to Memphis and Sakkara

Embarking on a day trip to Memphis and Sakkara from Cairo is a fascinating journey back in time to the ancient wonders of Egypt. Memphis, the former capital of Egypt and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, allows visitors to explore the remnants of this once-glorious city, including the colossal statue of Ramses II and the Alabaster Sphinx. These monuments offer insights into the grandeur and power of ancient Egyptian civilization.

Sakkara, located nearby, is home to the Step Pyramid of Djoser, one of the oldest stone structures in the world and a masterpiece of pyramid architecture. Exploring the vast necropolis of Sakkara reveals numerous tombs, mastabas, and temples that provide a glimpse into the burial practices and religious beliefs of ancient Egyptians. The site’s rich history and intricate hieroglyphics offer a deeper understanding of the cultural significance of this sacred place.

Visiting Memphis and Sakkara on a day trip allows you to marvel at the impressive archaeological sites, learn about Egypt’s ancient past, and appreciate the ingenuity and craftsmanship of the ancient Egyptians. It’s a memorable excursion that promises to enrich your understanding of Egypt’s heritage and legacy.

12. Shop at City Stars Mall

Shopping at City Stars Mall in Cairo is a delightful experience that offers a blend of international brands, entertainment options, and dining choices all under one roof. As one of the largest malls in Egypt, City Stars Mall provides a diverse shopping experience catering to a wide range of tastes and preferences. From high-end fashion boutiques to popular retail chains, visitors can explore a variety of shops offering clothing, accessories, electronics, cosmetics, and more.

In addition to shopping, City Stars Mall features a plethora of entertainment options such as a cinema complex, arcade games, and a family entertainment center, making it a go-to destination for leisure and recreation. After a day of shopping and entertainment, visitors can indulge in a culinary journey at the mall’s restaurants, cafes, and food courts, where they can savor local and international cuisines.

Whether you’re looking for designer labels, unique finds, or simply a day of entertainment and relaxation, City Stars Mall is a bustling hub that caters to all your shopping and leisure needs. Explore the mall’s diverse offerings, enjoy a day of retail therapy, and soak up the vibrant atmosphere of this premier shopping destination in Cairo.


Cairo, Egypt, offers an abundance of exciting activities and must-visit places that cater to every traveler’s preferences. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient wonders or immersing in local culture, this vibrant city has it all. By indulging in these top things to do in Cairo, you can truly experience the rich history and cultural diversity that makes this city unique.

Start your journey by visiting the awe-inspiring Pyramids of Giza, the last surviving wonders of the ancient world. Marvel at their grandeur and learn about the fascinating stories behind these architectural masterpieces. Don’t miss the chance to explore the Egyptian Museum, home to the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities. Marvel at the iconic golden Mask of Tutankhamun and immerse yourself in the rich history of Egypt.

To experience the vibrant local culture, head to the renowned Khan el-Khalili Bazaar. Stroll through its bustling streets and indulge in the sights, sounds, and flavors of traditional Egyptian life. Peruse the shops filled with spices, textiles, and unique souvenirs. Explore the historical sites within the bazaar, such as Bab al-Ghuri and the Qalawun Complex, and savor the mouthwatering local street food.

With its must-visit places, Cairo offers a captivating blend of history, culture, and adventure. From exploring ancient pyramids and museums to immersing in local traditions, this city is a treasure trove of experiences. So, don’t miss the opportunity to embark on a Cairo sightseeing adventure and create cherished memories in this extraordinary destination.


What are some must-visit places in Cairo?

Some must-visit places in Cairo include the Pyramids of Giza, the Egyptian Museum, and Khan el-Khalili Bazaar. These attractions offer a glimpse into Egypt’s rich history, culture, and vibrant marketplace.

How much time should I allocate to explore the Pyramids of Giza?

It is recommended to allocate at least 2-3 hours to fully explore the Pyramids of Giza and take in the breathtaking views of the Sphinx. Hiring a tour guide can enhance your experience by providing insights into the historical significance of these ancient wonders.

What can I see at the Egyptian Museum?

The Egyptian Museum houses over 120,000 items, including the famous golden Mask of Tutankhamun and a vast collection of Pharaonic antiquities. Visitors can explore royal sarcophagi, jewelry, and mummies while appreciating the historical significance of each artifact. Hiring a tour guide is recommended to fully appreciate the museum’s vast collection.

What can I experience at Khan el-Khalili Bazaar?

Khan el-Khalili Bazaar is a bustling marketplace in Islamic Cairo. Visitors can immerse themselves in the vibrant culture and traditions of Egypt, navigate narrow alleys filled with shops selling spices, textiles, and jewelry, and explore historical sites such as Bab al-Ghuri and the Qalawun Complex. Don’t miss the opportunity to try local street food and soak in the lively atmosphere of this traditional marketplace.

What are the must-visit attractions in Cairo?

Must-visit attractions in Cairo include the Pyramids of Giza, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El-Khalili Bazaar, Islamic Cairo, and Coptic Cairo.

Is it safe to visit Cairo as a tourist?

While Cairo is generally safe for tourists, it’s advisable to remain cautious, follow local guidelines, and avoid certain areas during periods of unrest.

What is the best time to visit Cairo?

The best time to visit Cairo is during the cooler months from October to April when the weather is more pleasant for sightseeing.

How can I get around Cairo efficiently?

Getting around Cairo is convenient using taxis, ride-sharing services, the Cairo Metro, and private guided tours for a hassle-free experience.

What traditional dishes should I try in Cairo?

Traditional dishes to try in Cairo include koshari, falafel, mahshi, and local desserts like baklava and kunafa for an authentic culinary experience.

Are there any cultural performances or shows worth attending in Cairo?

Attend unique cultural performances such as a Sufi dance show, a Tanoura dance performance, or the Sound and Light Show at the Pyramids for a memorable experience.

What souvenirs can I buy in Cairo to take back home?

Souvenir options in Cairo include handcrafted jewelry, papyrus art, traditional textiles, spices, Egyptian cotton products, and perfumes for unique gift ideas to bring back home.